Collection of Latvian Charms

Nummer
150
Benennung
Collection of Latvian Charms
Beschreibung

Buramo vārdu krājums

The Collection of Latvian Charms, gathered from various places around Latvia, were submitted to the Archives of Latvian Folklore mostly in the 1920s and 1930s; a number of exhibits were also contributed after 1991. The collection consists mainly of original, small-format, handmade books, or also a copy or transcript of the original. The collection also includes compilations of charms submitted separately, and folk medicine recipes with instructions on how to use them.

The tradition of writing down charms in handmade books or notebooks was widespread in Latvia during the second half of the 19th century. This practice was related to the circulation of handwritten ‘Books of Heaven’, which were used to protect their holders or their holders’ houses from misfortune. Many of the books are similar in content, testifying to their common derivation. These books were said to have divine origins. Some came down to earth in the city of London, others through the intercession of the angel Michael; some expressed gratitude for miraculous salvation from death, such as in the case of Count Philip’s servant, who by miracle kept his head, or General Skobolev, who survived many battles. Some books also included lucky and unlucky days—when certain activities should be performed or avoided. The Charm books include a second section containing spells for treating various human and animal ailments—to staunch bleeding, to relieve pain, to cure ergotism, and others.

The Collection of Latvian Charms contains around 5000 items—mainly charms and folk medicine. Various private collectors have donated materials—school children, such as Pēteris Šmits from Rencēni, who donated his father’s book of charms; well–known historians, authors, and cultural workers—Vilis Cedriņš, Vilberts Krasnais, Arturs Heniņš, and others; and folklore researchers—Jānis Alberts Jansons, Baiba Krogzeme-Mosgorda, and Janīna Kursīte.

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#LFK-150-11Svēti vārdiCount Philip
Kaiser Charles book
Book of London
Book of Saint Michael
Unlucky Days
#LFK-150-22Vīveļu vārdicharms
Colic charms (for horse)
Miles to ahead, miles back
Jesus/ Son of God/ Redeemer
Cross
Colic charms (for horse)
Nazareth
Holy Trinity
Amen
#LFK-150-33Liesas vārdicharms
Glanders Charms
Jesus/ Son of God/ Redeemer
Spleen charms
Amen
#LFK-150-44Sāpes vārdiPain charms
Black ravens
Poetry/ prose poetry
Cross
Pain charms
Amen
#LFK-150-55Rozes vārdicharms
Rose (erysipelas) charms
Jesus/ Son of God/ Redeemer
Cross
Rose (erysipelas) charms
Holy Trinity
Amen
#LFK-150-5a5aČūsku vārdicharms
Charms to avoid a snake
#LFK-150-5b5bRozes vārdicharms
Rose (erysipelas) charms
#LFK-150-66Zagļu vārdicharms
Thief charms
Jesus/ Son of God/ Redeemer
Mary/ Mother of God
Peter
Thief charms
#LFK-150-77Debesu grāmatacharms
Book of Saint Michael
Unlucky Days
Holy Stories
#LFK-150-88Vārdošanacharms
Conjuring charms
Jesus/ Son of God/ Redeemer
Cross
Conjuring charms
Holy Trinity
Amen
#LFK-150-99Asins apturēšanas vārdicharms
narrative on usage of charms
Blood stanching chrams
Speaking
Jesus was born, Jesus was lost
Cross
Blood stanching chrams
Holy Trinity
Amen
#LFK-150-1010Asins apturēšanas vārdicharms
narrative on usage of charms
Blood stanching chrams
Speaking
Jordan river
Cross
Blood stanching chrams
Holy Trinity
Amen
#LFK-150-1111Asins apturēšanas vārdicharms
narrative on usage of charms
Blood stanching chrams
Speaking
Jesus/ Son of God/ Redeemer
Cross
Blood stanching chrams
Holy Trinity
Amen
#LFK-150-1212Asins apturēšanas vārdicharms
Blood stanching chrams
Tree maidens
Jordan river
Blood stanching chrams
#LFK-150-1313Iecirtuma vārdicharms
narrative on usage of charms
Notch/ Cutting charms
Pain (various) Charms
Speaking
Jesus born in Bethlehem
Jesus was born, Jesus was lost
Holy/ lucky is that day/ hour
Notch/ Cutting charms
#LFK-150-1414Asins apturēšanas vārdicharms
narrative on usage of charms
Blood stanching chrams
To carry out
Writing
Sequences of letters
Blood stanching chrams
#LFK-150-1515Asins/ sarkanās vainas vārdicharms
Blood stanching chrams
Bloody flux charms
Miles to ahead, miles back
Blood stanching chrams
#LFK-150-1616Priekš sirds asins apturēšanascharms
Charms for heart blood
Tree to nine lillies
Charms for heart blood
#LFK-150-1717Asins vārdicharms
Blood stanching chrams
Sator
Blood stanching chrams
#LFK-150-1818Priekš sirds asins apturēšanascharms
narrative on usage of charms
Charms for heart blood
To carry out
Speaking
Charms for heart blood
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