Epitaphs

Nummer
2101
Benennung
Epitaphs
Beschreibung

There are more than 20 000 memorial inscriptions in the collection of cemetery epitaphs.The collection’s geographical coverage includes all ethnographic regions of Latvia (altogether, 225 cemeteries), one cemetery in Lithuania and one Latvian cemetery in the USA. The oldest tombstone inscriptions date back to the 19th century, while the most recent are from the beginning of the 21st century. Along with a preponderance of Latvian language in the memorial texts, there are also some examples of Russian, Polish, German, Estonian, Livonian and other languages.

The collection was created mainly from 1993 to 2003 by Baltic philology students of the University of Latvia. Documenting tombstone inscriptions was their folklore practicum in the summer between their first and second year at University. The epitaph collection is supplemented by photographs, sketches of memorial objects, cemetery plans, cultural history data, place lore, etc.

Latvian memorial signs in cemeteries are mostly made of polished granite in a rectangular or irregular shape. Marble, sandstone, wood, concrete, iron, cast iron, bronze or zinc details for memorial signs are used on some occasions. Although memorial tablets dominate, there are other architectural and sculptural forms, too, such as gravestones, memorial monuments, obelisks, crosses, and imitations of old wooden Latvian memorial signs.

On the surface of the memorial sign, an inscription is made to honour the deceased person. The texts provide both personal information (name, surname, birth and death data, profession, family links, etc.) and poetic commentaries which, on many occasions, are Biblical, Latvian poetry or folksong quotations.Since there is a rule of anonymity for the genre of cemetery epitaphs, it is not always possible to determine the source of quotations accurately. The anonymous texts migrate from epitaph to epitaph and make textual variants. However, verses by many famous Latvian poets, such as Rūdolfs Blaumanis, Rainis, Augusts Saulietis, Fricis Bārda, Leonīds Breikšs, Ārija Elksne, Lija Brīdaka et al., have been creatively used in memorial culture. The most popular Biblical passage in the epitaph corpora is ‘Love never ends’ (1 Corinthian 13:8).

Written by: Rita Treija

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SīktēlsNummer der EinheitBenennungKategorien 
  
1Gribēju tālajos laukos vēl ietepitaph or property mark
2Dusiet saldi Dieva mierāalbum rhyme or wish
epitaph or property mark
3...un atmiņas ziedēs ap jums baltas kā ābelesalbum rhyme or wish
epitaph or property mark
4To labo cīnīšanosreligious texts and songs
epitaph or property mark
5Vēl dārzs jūsu koptais ziedēsepitaph or property mark
6Dusiet Dieva mierāalbum rhyme or wish
epitaph or property mark
7Pirms tālāk aizejatepitaph or property mark
8Kā rasas pērleepitaph or property mark
9Solīja laimi un priekuepitaph or property mark
10Dieva miers mūžībāalbum rhyme or wish
epitaph or property mark
11... un čaklas rokas mierā dusepitaph or property mark
12Dzīvē ir sāpesepitaph or property mark
13Sirds pieder dārgajam Dievamalbum rhyme or wish
epitaph or property mark
14Dzīve aiznes mūža dienasepitaph or property mark
15Daudz dārga, bet ne visu paslēpj smiltsepitaph or property mark
16Dusiet saldi Dieva mierāalbum rhyme or wish
religious texts and songs
epitaph or property mark
17Es tavu mīlestību dziļi sirdī glabāšuepitaph or property mark
18Dusiet saldialbum rhyme or wish
epitaph or property mark
19Dzīve ir sāpes, kapā miersalbum rhyme or wish
epitaph or property mark
20Lai jums dzimtās zemes vējialbum rhyme or wish
epitaph or property mark
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SīktēlsBenennungTypeNummerJahrAutorUnterschrift 
   
Sprukuļu ģimenes kapiBild2101-14301997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Petrovsku ģimenes kapiBild2101-14361997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Skateles kapiBild2101-14421997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Genovevas Dižurs kapa vietaBild2101-14501997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Jāņa Liepkalna kapa vietaBild2101-14661997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Ērika Baloža kapa vietaBild2101-14671997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Ninas Urtānes kapa vietaBild2101-14721997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Maijas Kalves kapa vietaBild2101-14731997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Ingvilda Retiķa kapa vietaBild2101-14751997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Ozoliņu ģimenes kapiBild2101-14771997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Gintara Mēness kapa vietaBild2101-14781997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Herberta Lamberta kapa vietaBild2101-14801997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Roberta Zemtura kapa vietaBild2101-14811997Nellija KifaBaldones kapi.
Smiltenes luterāņu kapsētaBild2101-3315Solita KozlovskaSmiltenes pilsētas evanģēliski luteriskā kapsēta
Alda Štelca kapa vietaBild2101-3320Solita KozlovskaSmiltenes pilsētas evanģēliski luteriskā kapsēta
Kublenieku dzimtas kapa vietaBild2101-3330Solita KozlovskaSmiltenes pilsētas evanģēliski luteriskā kapsēta
Šarlotes Kundziņas kapa vietaBild2101-3336Solita KozlovskaŠarlotes Kundziņas (dz. Eggerte) kapa vieta. Smiltenes pilsētas evanģēliski luteriskā kapsēta.
Medņu ģimenes kapa vietaBild2101-3349Solita KozlovskaSmiltenes pilsētas evanģēliski luteriskā kapsēta
Māziņu ģimenes kapa vietaBild2101-3405Solita KozlovskaSmiltenes pilsētas evanģēliski luteriskā kapsēta
Jāņa Sīmaņa dzimtas kapa vietaBild2101-3443Solita KozlovskaSmiltenes pilsētas evanģēliski luteriskā kapsēta
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KleinbildTypUmschlagFaila numursSprachenDechiffrierungMetadatenNoten 
  
2101-1430Bild2101-1430lvJaJaNein
2101-1436Bild2101-1436lvJaJaNein
2101-1442Bild2101-1442lvJaJaNein
2101-1450Bild2101-1450lvJaJaNein
2101-1466Bild2101-1466lvJaJaNein
2101-1467Bild2101-1467lvJaJaNein
2101-1472Bild2101-1472lvJaJaNein
2101-1473Bild2101-1473lvJaJaNein
2101-1475Bild2101-1475lvJaJaNein
2101-1477Bild2101-1477lvJaJaNein
2101-1478Bild2101-1478lvJaJaNein
2101-1480Bild2101-1480lvJaJaNein
2101-1481Bild2101-1481lvJaJaNein
2101-3315Bild2101-3315lvJaJaNein
2101-3320Bild2101-3320lvJaJaNein
2101-3330Bild2101-3330lvJaJaNein
2101-3336Bild2101-3336lvJaJaNein
2101-3349Bild2101-3349lvJaJaNein
2101-3405Bild2101-3405lvJaJaNein
2101-3443Bild2101-3443lvJaJaNein
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