Jacob Benjamin Fisher

Jacob Benjamin Fisher
Name at birth
Jakob Benjamin Fischer
Jacob Benjamin FISCHER (1731-1793) is a German Baltic natural scientist, collector and apothecary in Riga. In 1777 and 1778 Fisher was a member of Johann Gottfried Herder's Latvian Folk Song Collection Campaign. The folk songs, some of which were translated into German, collected by Heinrich Bauman, Johann Christoph Brotze and Gustav Bergmann, as well as possibly those collected by himself were sent to J.G. Herder through August Wilhelm Hupel, and Johann Gottfried Herder added those to his collections of folksongs of different nations. The correspondence between Heinrich Baumann and Jacob Benjamin Fisher is stored in the Latvian State Historical Archives: LVVA 4038, 2a, 304l.
Personal information
Jacob Benjamin Fisher's father was Riga apothecary Jacob Johann Fischer (? -1751), the brother of physician and writer Johann Bernhard Fisher (1685-1772), mother - Gertrude, born Ebel.
Jacob Benjamin Fisher married Johanna Dorothea Fellmann (1736-1816) of Danzig on October 13, 1765
"My dearest friend, I have not yet thanked you for the songs you have sent. Now I do so with the feeling of all the help and kindness you have given me. I hope you will not reproach me for being a little late. God knows, I often do not understand how to manage everything. I will share your kind efforts with Superintendent [Johann Gottfried] Herder. "
Fragment of a letter from August Wilhelm Hupel to Fisher, February 6, 1778. Quoted in: Beata Paškevica Latviešu tautasdziesmu teksti, to pierakstītāji un sūtītāji J.G.Herderam "Tautasdziesmu" izdevuma vajadzībām. in: Vienotība un atšķirība: Johana Gotfrīda Herdera filozofija. Ed. R. Bičevskis. Riga 2017, p.

"Fisher was a zealous collector; above all, he owned a collection of several thousand engravings, now the property of the City Library, as well as a collection of autographs, currently owned by our Society. He also collected manuscripts, natural items and he had a good library, the item list of which was printed at the site of the auction in 1793 in Rujiena. "
[Fischer war ein Mann von regem Sammeleifer; er besass ausserdem eine mehrere Tausende zählende Sammlung von Kupferstichen Gelehrter, gleichfalls Eigenthum der Stadtbibliothek, ferner Autographen Sammlung, gegenwärtig unserer Gesellschaft angehörig. Daneben sammelte er livländische Handschriften, auch Naturalien, und hatte eine gute Bibliothek, deren Verzeichniss, zum Zweck der Versteigerung am hiesigen Ort, 1793 zu Rujen gedruckt wurde, in: August Buchholtz. Zur Ikonographie der Ostseeprovinzen. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft für Geschichte...aus dem Jahre 1876, Riga, 1877, p.66 -67].

Baltic natural and cultural history research

1762: Bedenken über die Versteinerungen und deren Erzeugung, besonders derer in Livland [Description of Vidzeme rocks and fossils, based on the author's own observations, incl. In Katlakalns, Lielstraupe and possibly in Gravenheide]

1777: Versuch einer liefländischen Naturgeschichte im Grundriß [A study on the nature of Vidzeme and its development history, expanded and supplemented, published as a separate edition in Leipzig in 1778 and Königsberg in 1791]

1782: Beyträge und Berichtigungen zu Hrn. F.K.Gadebusch livländischer Bibliothek [Additions to the Gadebusch Reference Book on Baltic German Writing]

1789: Geschichte der Loge zum Schwerdt in Riga von ihrem Anfange bis jetzto aus dem Archiv und den Protokollen zusammengetragen wie auch Geschichte der Erziehungsanstalt z. St.Johannis dieser Loge und maurerischen Personalien des weyl.Hochw.Brs.Balthasar von Bergmann [Freemasonry's "At the Sword" and John's School History, Manuscript: LVVA, f. 4038, apr. 2, 1393]

Birth time/place13.10.1731
Educationlat. Schola Carolina
Mazā Pils iela 4, Rīga
Mazā Pils iela 4, Rīga, LV-1050

1756 – 1758
University of Copenhagen
Nørregade 10, København
Nørregade 10, København, Denmark

The historic building where Fisher studied has not survived to this day. He studied science, studies under the supervision of professor of medicine Christian Gottlieb Kratzenstein (1723-1795), a friend of the apothecary Cappel, one of the three authors of the first Danish Pharmacopoeia, a natural scientist, an alchemist and freemason.

Upsālas Universitāte
752 36 Upsala, Zviedrija
752 36 Uppsala, Sweden

He studied zoology and botany under the supervision of Carl von Linee (Carl Linnaeus, 1707-1778).

Working place1750 (Date is approximate)
Pharmacy "Lion", Riga
Šķūņu iela 16, Rīga
Šķūņu iela 16, Rīga, LV-1050

It is possible that in the early 1750s Jacob Benjamin Fisher acquired training in apothecary skills at his father's apotheca.

1755 (Date is approximate)
Copenhagen, Denmark

Prior to 1756 he worked as an assistant to the apothecary Joahim Dietrich Cappel (1717-1784) at his apotheca in Copenhagen. Cappel is a prominent figure in the history of Danish pharmacy - a apothecary at the Royal Frederick's Hospital since 1757, one of the three developers of the first Danish Pharmacopoeia (1772), a collector of minerals and alchemy enthusiast.

1758 – 1760
Pharmacy "Lion", Riga
Šķūņu iela 16, Rīga
Šķūņu iela 16, Rīga, LV-1050

He works as an apothecary in the apotheca run by his mother

08.09.1766 – 18.06.1768
Pharmacy of the State Council of Riga

The owner of the apotheca, which he later sells to G.Teubler.

1770 – 1793
Riga Orphanage
Kaļķu iela, Rīga
Kaļķu iela, Rīga

Bookkeeper at orphanage

Participation in organisations1790 – 1791
„Zum Schwerdt“
Johana Zāmuela fon Holandera nams
Šķūņu iela 17, Rīga, LV-1050

Lodge Secretary

Place/time of death25.07.1793

Map legend

Showing 1-10 of 10 items.
#LocationDateTypeType of place
13.10.1731Birth time/placeCity
2Mazā Pils iela 4, Rīga
(Mazā Pils iela 4, Rīga, LV-1050)
(Not set)EducationBuilding, house
3Nørregade 10, København
(Nørregade 10, København, Denmark)
1756 - 1758EducationBuilding, house
4752 36 Upsala, Zviedrija
(752 36 Uppsala, Sweden)
1761EducationBuilding, house
5Šķūņu iela 16, Rīga
(Šķūņu iela 16, Rīga, LV-1050)
1750Working placeBuilding, house
6Šķūņu iela 16, Rīga
(Šķūņu iela 16, Rīga, LV-1050)
1758 - 1760Working placeBuilding, house
(Copenhagen, Denmark)
1755Working placeCity
08.09.1766 - 18.06.1768Working placeCity
9Kaļķu iela, Rīga1770 - 1793Working placeStreet
10Johana Zāmuela fon Holandera nams
(Šķūņu iela 17, Rīga, LV-1050)
1790 - 1791Participation in organisationsBuilding, house

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies. Read more.